Friday, July 19, 2019

History Hunting in Port Gibson, Miss.: A Gallery of Selected Sites

By Roscoe Barnes III
Copyright 2019


On a sunny (and sometimes cloudy) Sunday afternoon, Michelle Childres and I toured the small town of Port Gibson, Miss., as one of our #HistoryHunting adventures. The town, which is located about 30 miles south of Vicksburg, Miss., is steeped in history.

Because of the fun, facts, and excitement we find on trips like this, Michelle, a history buff from Louisiana, began calling our escapades, #RoscoeAndMichellesExcellentAdventures. I think it’s cool. So we will use the hashtag with all of our future trips and explorations.

The images below were all taken on Sunday, July 7, 2019. The selection begins with a view of the Claiborne County Courthouse in downtown Port Gibson. That image is followed by images of the town sign, mural, and Bernheimer house. Michelle is featured in most of the photos. Other images will be shared in separate posts. 

The Town of Port Gibson

"After a Union victory in 1863, Gen. Ulysses S. Grant said Port Gibson (pop. 1,840) was ‘too beautiful to burn’ and left it alone. Grant’s triumph at the Battle of Port Gibson began his successful campaign to capture Vicksburg."

Claiborne County Courthouse in Port Gibson, Miss. 
Michelle Childres is in the lower right corner.

“Port Gibson, Mississippi, the county seat of Claiborne County, is located sixty miles southwest of Jackson and forty miles northeast of Natchez along the Natchez Trace Parkway.

“Chartered as a town on March 12, 1803, Port Gibson is Mississippi's third oldest settlement, being occupied in 1729. Port Gibson was the site of several clashes during the American Civil War and was important during Ulysses S. Grant's Vicksburg Campaign. The Battle of Port Gibson occurred on May 1, 1863.

“Many of Port Gibson's historic buildings survived the Civil War because Grant believed the city was "too beautiful to burn".” --

Michelle Childres, "history hunter" from Louisiana.

Capturing the moment.

The Port Gibson Boycott Mural

The “Boycott” photos show the mural commemorating the 1966 economic boycott, led by the local chapter of the NAACP, of majority white businesses in Port Gibson and Claiborne County. The Mural artist: Robert Dafford. – The Library of Congress

Mural of the Port Gibson Boycott.

Michelle Childres reading about the Port Gibson Boycott.

Relishing the view.

A moment of contemplation.

Standing with them.

The Bernheimer House

This house in Port Gibson, Mississippi, part of the "Bernheimer Complex" of antebellum buildings of various architectural styles. It is now the Bernheimer House bed-and-breakfast inn. – Library of Congress

The Bernheimer House
Photo by Michelle Childres

Historical marker

Strolling through history.

Taking it all in.


ROSCOE BARNES III, Ph.D., is a writer, chaplain, historian, and former newspaper reporter. He is the author of more than a dozen books and Gospel tracts. For more information about his work and history, see his Personal Profile here or visit his website Connect with him on Twitter (@roscoebarnes3) or by email:

Wilkinson Prison: Incarcerated Men Come to Aid of Officer in Distress

Prison men honored for heroic action

Wilkinson County Correctional Facility (WCCF) in Woodville, Miss., recently honored four of its incarcerated men who rendered assistance to a correctional officer who had collapsed due to a serious illness. From left are Deputy Warden of Programs George Castro, Andrew Brown, Glen Conley II, Zackerise Page, and Case Manager Supervisor Tracey Arbuthnot. Dustin Marange is not pictured. In addition to a catered meal, the men received a Certificate of Appreciation and a formal Letter of Recognition signed by Warden Scott Middlebrooks.

“Your assistance during this critical time is both admirable and commendable,” wrote Middlebrooks. “You not only assisted the officer until medical aid arrived, but also set an example for others to follow. Your prompt and thoughtful actions are appreciated, and I am happy to acknowledge the role you played in helping one of our own.”

Sunday, June 30, 2019

Anne Moody Mentioned in Neely Tucker's Article, "Whose Mississippi Is It?"


I'm happy to report civil rights pioneer Anne Moody is mentioned in the article, "Whose Mississippi Is It?" by Neely Tucker. It is published online by The Bitter Southerner. This is a good read and highly recommended. As part of his research, Tucker interviewed Moody's sister, Frances Jefferson.

Tucker included other important writers in his article. He writes:

A new generation of black Mississippi writers has claimed the right to speak for their home state in ways more powerful than at any point since the Civil Rights Movement. The question is, do enough white Mississippians heed their voices?

In his mention of Moody, Tucker highlights her sacrifice and her suffering.

In her last years — impoverished, mentally unwell — she returned to Mississippi, living a few miles from where she grew up. She lived with her son in a mobile home behind a sister’s house. She became paranoid, delusional, and eventually succumbed to dementia. She died in 2015 at age 74.

#AnneMoody #ComingOfAgeinMississippi #CivilRights #BlkTwitterstorians #Twitterstorians #PublicHistory #BlackHistory #WomensHistory

You can read Tucker's article here:

Saturday, June 29, 2019

The Childhood Home of Richard Wright


Michelle Childres and I visited the former home of famous author Richard Wright on  June 17, 2019, in Natchez, Miss. Michelle, a history buff from Louisiana, discovered the house while we were driving around searching for the Natchez College building. She was admiring the architecture of old houses when one caught her attention.

"Stop," she said as I was driving. "Go back! I saw the house of a famous author."

Wright's house, as it turned out, was only a short distance from the school. The house is located on East Woodlawn Avenue near Garden Street. Wright penned the classics, Native Son and Black Boy.

#MichelleChildres #Mississippi #Natchez #History #BlackHistory #Literature #NativeSon #BlackBoy

Natchez College: Anne Moody's Old Stomping Ground


Michelle Childres visiting the old Natchez College building on June 20, 2019, in Natchez, Miss. Civil rights pioneer Anne Moody was one of the school's most prominent graduates.


Michelle Childres and I recently visited Natchez Junior College in Natchez, Miss. It closed many years ago. Civil rights pioneer Anne Moody attended the school before heading to Tougaloo College. Stay tuned for more photos. Michelle went inside the three buildings on the property and took excellent pictures. Can't wait to share them.

#AnneMoody #ComingOfAgeinMississippi #MichelleChildres #Mississippi #Natchez #NatchezCollege #CivilRights #History #BlackHistory #WomensHistory

Tuesday, May 21, 2019

F.F. Bosworth and R.A. Torrey on The Lord's Supper: Two Opposing Views

By Roscoe Barnes III, PhD
Author, F.F. Bosworth: The Man Behind "Christ the Healer"
Copyright (c) 2019

R.A. Torrey
(1856 - 1928

Reminder: "F.F. Bosworth History" is now on Twitter. Follow @bosworth_fred 


F.F. Bosworth held a view about The Lord’s Supper that did not sit well with R.A. Torrey. Bosworth believed that Christ was the Passover lamb who suffered and died so that we can receive “healing for the soul and healing for the body.” A staunch believer in “healing in the atonement,” he taught the Lord’s Supper serves to remind us of “the two great benefits purchased for us by the death of Jesus.” Those two benefits include divine healing and forgiveness of sin.

While Torrey also believed in “healing in the atonement,” he did not believe that the Lord’s Supper was about divine healing. In his commentary on Matthew 8:16 and 17, he noted: "It is often said that this verse teaches that the atoning death of Jesus Christ avails for our sicknesses as well as for our sins; or, in other words, that 'physical healing is in the atonement.' I think that that is a fair inference from these verses when looked at in their context." Although he embraced the idea of divine healing, he did not believe that every believer could simply claim healing and expect to be healed in the same way that they can "claim immediate pardon for all their sins on the ground of the atoning death of Jesus Christ." Complete healing for all will not happen until Christ returns, Torrey explained.

Torrey was the author of Divine Healing: Does God Perform Miracles Today? (Fleming H. Revell Company, 1924). In the Introduction to his book, he used strong language to criticize the view held by Bosworth and a number of Pentecostals. He did not mention Bosworth by name, but he probably had Bosworth in mind. Torrey wrote:

"We have not gone into a consideration of such weird, fantastic and — to a careful Bible scholar — ludicrously impossible and really blasphemous interpretations as that the bread in the Lord’s Supper is for the healing of the body, and the wine for the healing of the soul. Time would fail us to chase to their lair and decapitate all the monstrous vagaries that have haunted the overwrought imaginations of persons who have become so occupied with the thought of Divine Healing that they fancied they saw it everywhere."

Bosworth expounded on his own view of the Lord’s Supper in the sermon, “Discerning the Lord’s Body: Living Faith Makes Disease Impossible.” The message was delivered at a May 22, 1914 convention in Dallas, Texas, and later published in the June 1914 issue of The Latter Rain Evangel. According to Bosworth, the wine in the Lord’s Supper represents “the blood of Jesus for the remission of sins,” and the bread represents “His body broken for the healing of every man’s body in the world.” Bosworth asserted:

Thousands of Christians today because they have not been taught, are eating the Lord’s supper without discerning the Lord’s body. That is, they eat the bread, not knowing that it is an emblem of the Lord’s body broken for their healing. Paul says: “For this cause (not discerning the Lord’s body) many are weak and sickly among you, and many sleep.” In other words, because many have not been shown their privilege of being healed, they have remained weak and sickly and many have died. Thousands are in the cemeteries before their time for not discerning the Lord’s body broken for their healing. Thousands of others are sick who can be healed.

Bosworth’s view on the Lord’s Supper is held by many today, including followers in Word of Faith churches. Kenneth Copeland, for example, teaches communion can be taken for financial blessings, as well as bodily healing. He also encourages his followers to take it on a daily basis if necessary. For more information on his position, see “How to Take Communion Over Finances,” available here, and “How to Take Communion for Your Healing,” which can be seen here.

Further reading:

For an excellent article on R.A. Torrey and his views on divine healing, see “R. A. Torrey and the Ministry of Healing” by J.D. King. The article, which is adapted from King’s book, Regeneration: A Complete History of Healing in the Christian Church, can be viewed here or by visiting this link:

For a look at R.A. Torrey’s book, Divine Healing: Does God Perform Miracles Today?, visit here and here.

Note: My book, F.F. Bosworth: The Man Behind "Christ the Healer," can be purchased here with a 25% discount. Use the discount code: bosworth25.


Want to know more
about F.F. Bosworth?

Follow the Bosworth Matters blog!
Start here:


For more information:
Visit the F.F. Bosworth page here. Questions about the research and commentary on F.F. Bosworth may be directed to Roscoe Barnes III, Ph.D., via email at or For updates on F.F. Bosworth history, simply follow this blog or @bosworth_fred and @Roscoebarnes3 on Twitter. #ChristTheHealer #BosworthMention #BosworthMatters

Tuesday, May 7, 2019

F.F. Bosworth's Family


Reminder: "F.F. Bosworth History" is now on Twitter. Follow @bosworth_fred 


Frederick Francis (“F.F.”) Bosworth (1877 – 1958)

SON of Burton Fredrick Bosworth and Amelia Mellisa (Brydia) Bosworth

BROTHER of Clarence C Bosworth, Bertha Bosworth, Mabel M (Bosworth) Christianson and Burton Brydia Bosworth

Follow these hashtags:

#FFBosworth #ChristTheHealer #BosworthMatters #Pentecostal #AssembliesOfGod #CFNI #ORU #Revival #PublicHistory #ChurchHistory

History Hunting in Port Gibson, Miss.: A Gallery of Selected Sites

By Roscoe Barnes III Copyright 2019 #RoscoeAndMichellesExcellentAdventures #HistoryHunting #MichelleChildres On a sunny (and sometime...